Physiology 101: The 6 building Blocks of Life

Human Physiology can be defined as the science of the functions of the human body and the chemical and physical processes involved. The more you understand how your body works the better you will be able to fuel it.

There are 6 basic building blocks of life. They are:

Water

Carbohydrates

Protein

Fats

Vitamins

Minerals

To be blunt; if you are missing any of these from your diet you’re going to die….so they’re pretty important!

Here is a quick explanation of why they are so important and some general guidelines to follow.

Water – The body is 70% water! Here is a simple analogy, imagine your muscle cells as grapes…and a dehydrated muscle cell as a Raisin.  My challenge to you:  Drink at least a gallon of water per day for a week (and no other beverages!) and see how much better you feel. Try this for a week and I bet you’ll feel improved.  

Carbohydrates – Did you know the average American eats 145  pounds of sugar a year? There are simple and complex carbs; the complex variety takes longer to digest, and are the kind we want. I don’t feel the need to tell you how unhealthy bad carbs are; you have all heard this a thousand times. Good carbs are crucial, especially if you want to be able to effectively perform in the gym. My challenge to you adds vegetables to every meal you eat for 1 week.

Protein – This is the one that everyone has heard so much about for building muscle and repair. You should eat protein after every workout and my challenge to you is to drink a whey protein isolate shake within 30 minutes of finishing your workout. Scientific research has shown us this is the optimal time to help repair and rebuild your muscles.

 

Fat Yes, it is true that if you eat too much fat you will indeed be…what you eat. However, you must remember fat is still vital in our diet for our cell membranes, nerve conduction, as well as an important energy source.

There are 3 kinds of fats; saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated.  Saturated fats are those that are solid at room temperature, there are also monounsaturated and polyunsaturated. Some of these fats are good for you and

healthy food composition

some are very unhealthy and may be linked to cancer. Oils such as olive, fish, canola, and peanut are examples of good fats. Hydrogenation converts fat into a trans fatty acid. Trans fatty acids go into your cells and change the DNA inside because your body cannot assimilate the fat.  The damaged cell then begins to replicate; this process is also known as cancer. Try to stick with the healthy fats I have mentioned and keep them to about 30 percent of your diet.

Vitamins and Minerals – Certain vitamins and minerals are essential for the growth and development of your body; without them,  diseased states will occur. The modern American eating habits (even those conscious of eating as healthy as possible) is almost always in need of supplemental vitamins, minerals, essential fatty acids, protein shakes and BCAA; just to name the basics.  Most of the basics are available for purchase in the back room of the gym, with more in-depth supplements available from local nutrition stores.  If you would like advice on what to start with, feel free to ask me when you are in the gym or call us anytime.

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